After the annexation of India and Pakistan from British forces, Kashmir re-entered a state of turmoil. Having political roots, this exodus spurred from a mixed ideology. Those in power wished for an Islamic Republic to be established in Kashmir, with no space for minorities.
Kashmir entered a darker period of time when Gul Shah confiscated the Chief Minister title from Farooq Abdullah. During this time period, Kashmir saw a number of curfew days, essentially leaving Kashmir in a state of lock-down for months at a time. Gul Shah provoked a group of Kashmiri Muslims to attack Kashmiri Pandits, in the clarion call to ‘save the face of Islam.’ Within a short amount of time, an unleashed spree of Hindu temple desecration took place, with wide-spread slaughtering, female molestation and torching of cowsheds.
The anti-Hindu parade spread out of North Kashmir, unlike the previous exoduses. It went towards South Kashmir, where Farooq Abdullah helped to destroy temples in Anantnag, Salar, and Fatehpur. With the help of tribesmen in the region, Kashmiri Pandits were murdered and raped; their houses were looted. With the absence of safety in their own home, many fled towards Jammu and Delhi as havens.
Before Farooq Abdullah, the ‘guise of secularism ‘in Kashmir was termed by Sheikh Abdullah. His regime promised a free Kashmir to all religions, yet him and successors all fueled and funded attacks against the indigenous Pandits of the Kashmir Valley. For the few Pandits who stayed in Kashmir, they believed their Muslim neighbors and friends wouldn’t hurt them; the truth could not be farther from that.